POLAND CELEBRATES THE 155TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE JANUARY UPRISING
Poland commemorates the 155th anniversary of the national breakdown against the rule of the Russian Empire. It is reported by Upmp.news with reference to Polish Radio.
On January 22, Poland commemorates the 155th anniversary of the beginning of the January uprising, which was one of the most striking manifestations of the Polish national liberation movement against the rule of the Russian Empire. Despite the fact that the insurgents were defeated, the January uprising strengthened the national consciousness of the Poles and influenced the aspiration for independence of the following generations. Together with the Poles, the Lithuanians, Belarusians and Ukrainians took part in the uprising.
According to the Prime Minister of Poland Mateusz Moravecki, the victim of the January rebels was not useless. The head of the Polish government took part in the solemn laying of wreaths to the so-called Stork Gate of the Warsaw Citadel on the 155th anniversary of the January uprising.
Moravetsky stressed that the inhabitants of the Poland of that time passed an examination of patriotism and “polishness”. He said that later he could not fight for Poland after the victim committed during the uprising. The premier stressed that now would not be independent Poland, if not they. “Now the struggle for a better future, for a more just and rich Poland is the fulfillment of their will,” Moravetsky noted.
During his speech, Minister of National Defense Mariusz Blaschak emphasized the special role of women who supported their husbands and sons during the uprising. The minister reminded about women who illegally dressed national costumes – thus they supported “Polishness”, unwaveringness in the struggle for independence.
The uprising began on January 22, 1863, when the Central National Committee declared itself a Provisional National Government and called on the people to rebel against the Russian Empire. Six thousand rebels attacked Russian military garrisons.
The uprising spread throughout the territory of the Kingdom of Poland, and subsequently into the territory of Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine. The fighting lasted until the autumn of 1864. The last partisan detachments were defeated in April 1865. At the same time, the leaders of the uprising were arrested – Romualda Traugutta and other members of the National Government. Four months later they were executed at the Warsaw Citadel.
In total, during the uprising, there were 1,2 thousand battles, in which about 200 thousand rebels took part. Several dozens of thousands of them died during the fighting or were executed, and 38,000 people were deported to Siberia.